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Timber Flooring: A Guide to Species, Styles and Sustainability

by Declan Lording
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timber and hardwood flooring

Are you in the midst of enhancing your living or workspace with a touch of timeless elegance and natural warmth? Look no further than timber and hardwood flooring!

Renowned for their rustic charm, durability, and sustainability, timber and hardwood flooring have been cherished choices for centuries. In this extensive guide, we’ll delve into the diverse world of timber flooring, exploring its various types, designs, sustainability factors, and more.

Wooden Floor

Diverse Species of Timber for Your Floors:

Timber, just like people, comes in a plethora of shapes and sizes, each boasting their own unique characteristics. Let’s delve into some popular types to help you better understand what suits your home best.

  1. Spotted Gum:

Native to Australia, Spotted Gum is celebrated for its remarkable appearance and exceptional durability. Ranging from pale to dark brown hues, with characteristic gum veins and distinctive grain patterns, Spotted Gum flooring injects visual interest into any space. Highly resistant to wear and tear, it’s ideal for high-traffic areas like living rooms and hallways. Moreover, its natural resistance to termites and decay makes it a prime choice for outdoor decking.

  1. Hickory:

Renowned for its strength, durability, and rustic charm, Hickory flooring features pronounced grain patterns and alluring colour variations. Resilient against wear and denting, it’s a perfect fit for bustling households with kids and pets, imparting a touch of natural beauty and rugged texture, particularly ideal for rustic and farmhouse-style interiors.

  1. Oak:

A timeless classic, Oak flooring is revered for its versatility and enduring beauty. European Oak, in particular, boasts warm, golden hues and elegant grain patterns, making it highly sought after. Available in various finishes, Oak flooring offers homeowners the flexibility to achieve diverse looks to match their preferences, all while delivering strength and stability suitable for both residential and commercial spaces.

  1. Australian Blackbutt:

Another native Australian hardwood, Australian Blackbutt captivates with its light color and subtle grain patterns, exuding a bright and airy ambiance. With creamy tones ranging from pale straw to soft brown, it’s highly durable and resistant to wear, making it ideal for high-traffic areas such as kitchens and dining rooms, as well as outdoor decking due to its termite resistance.

  1. Bamboo:

Though not classified as timber, bamboo flooring stands out as a popular eco-friendly alternative. With clean lines and a unique grain pattern, bamboo flooring emanates a sense of warmth and brightness. Extremely hard, durable, and water-resistant, bamboo is derived from a highly renewable plant, matured in as little as three to five years, offering a sustainable flooring solution.

Timber Floor

Timber and Hardwood Designs and Styles:

The world of timber flooring offers an array of design and style options, each as diverse as they are stunning.

  1. Herringbone:

The timeless herringbone pattern adds elegance and sophistication to any space with its distinctive V-shaped layout. Ideal for formal settings like living rooms and dining areas, herringbone flooring creates visual interest and elevates the aesthetic appeal of the room.

  1. Chevron:

Similar to herringbone but with ends cut at a 45-degree angle, chevron flooring offers a modern twist on a classic design. Perfect for contemporary interiors or areas requiring a dynamic focal point, such as kitchens or home offices, chevron flooring infuses a sense of movement and flow.

  1. Long Planks:

Long plank flooring, with its elongated and wider boards, creates a sleek and seamless appearance that visually expands the room’s size. Suited for open-concept living spaces or rooms with high ceilings, long plank flooring fosters a sense of continuity and spaciousness, available in various wood species and finishes.

  1. Playing with Transitions:

Transition flooring seamlessly merges different materials or patterns to delineate distinct areas within a space. Whether subtly altering wood grain direction or dramatically shifting colour or texture, transition flooring allows for a cohesive yet visually captivating design.

  1. Borders:

Border flooring employs contrasting wood or tile borders to frame a room’s perimeter or accentuate specific areas like entryways or focal points. This design element adds definition and visual interest, customizable to suit any style from traditional to contemporary.

Timber Floor

Sustainability and Environmental Impact:

Amid growing concerns for environmental sustainability, timber and hardwood flooring emerge as eco-conscious choices, offering a myriad of benefits.

  1. Sustainable Forest Management:

Opt for timber sourced from responsibly managed forests, ensuring trees are harvested in a manner that promotes long-term forest health and biodiversity. Sustainable forest management practices include selective logging, reforestation, and wildlife habitat protection.

  1. Environmental Certifications:

Look for timber flooring products certified by reputable organizations such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) or the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC). These certifications guarantee that wood comes from well-managed forests meeting stringent environmental and social criteria.

  1. Reclaimed and Recycled Timber:

Consider recycled timber flooring sourced from reclaimed wood salvaged from old buildings or industrial sites, reducing demand for virgin timber and diverting resources from landfills. Similarly, reclaimed timber flooring repurposes wood from structures like warehouses or factories, preserving its unique character while minimizing the need for new materials.

  1. Engineered vs. Solid Timber/Hardwood:

Distinguish between engineered and solid timber flooring, with engineered timber offering enhanced durability, moisture resistance, and versatility, suitable for various installations and environments.


As you embark on your journey to upgrade your space with timber flooring, remember to explore the diverse range of species, designs, and sustainability considerations available. Whether opting for the classic elegance of Oak or the rustic charm of Spotted Gum, timber flooring promises timeless beauty, durability, and eco-consciousness, making it a truly captivating choice for any home or office. For further insights and expert guidance on timber flooring, consult with the professionals at Floorworld.

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